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Edge oriented block motion estimation for video coding

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2 Author(s)
Chan, Y.-L. ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Hong Kong Polytech. Univ., Kowloon, Hong Kong ; Siu, W.C.

Intensity-based block motion estimation and compensation algorithms are widely used to exploit temporal redundancies in video coding, although they suffer from several drawbacks. One of the problems is that blocks located on boundaries of moving objects are not estimated accurately. It causes poor motion-compensated prediction along the moving edges to which the human visual system is very sensitive. By considering the characteristics of block motions for typical image sequences, an intelligent classifier is proposed to separate blocks containing moving edges to improve on conventional intensity-based block matching approaches. The motion vectors of these blocks are computed using edge matching techniques, so that the motion-compensated frames are tied more closely to the physical features. The proposed method can then make use of this accurate motion information for edge blocks to compute the remaining non-edged blocks. Consequently, a fast and efficient block motion estimation algorithm is developed. Experimental results show that this approach gives a significant improvement in accuracy for motion-compensated frames and computational complexity, in comparison with the traditional intensity-based block motion estimation methods

Published in:

Vision, Image and Signal Processing, IEE Proceedings -  (Volume:144 ,  Issue: 3 )