By Topic

Performance evaluation of TCP over multiple paths in fixed robust routing

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

5 Author(s)
Wenjie Chen ; Grad. Sch. of Natural Sci. & Technol., Okayama Univ., Okayama, Japan ; Fukushima, Y. ; Matsumura, T. ; Nishida, Y.
more authors

Fixed robust routing is a promising approach for ISP networks to accommodate variable traffic patterns with low operational complexity. The routing minimizes the maximum link load by distributing traffic of every source-destination pair to multiple paths (multipath routing). The multipath routing can result in performance degradation of TCP because of frequent out-of-order packet arrivals. In this paper, we first investigate the influences of delay differences among multiple paths and ratio of shorter paths among multiple paths on TCP performance with simulation using ns-2. The simulation results clarify that smaller delay difference and lower ratio of shorter paths among multiple paths lead to higher TCP throughput. Based on the investigation results, we next propose fixed robust routing algorithms that try to improve TCP throughput in addition to decreasing the maximum link load. The first algorithm called MDD (Minimum Delay Difference) selects a set of paths with the minimum delay differences between the shortest and the longest paths as candidate paths for every source-destination pair The second algorithm called MDD-LF (Minimum Delay Difference with Limited Fraction) bounds the fraction of traffic routed on the shortest delay path in addition to selecting the same candidate paths as MDD. Simulations using ns-2 show that, compared to a straightforward fixed robust routing that selects k-shortest hop paths as the candidate paths, MDD and MDD-LF achieve about 22% and 27% higher TCP throughput while MDD and MDD-LF produce about 1.7 and 2.3 times higher maximum link load, respectively.

Published in:

Communications Quality and Reliability (CQR), 2011 IEEE International Workshop Technical Committee on

Date of Conference:

10-12 May 2011