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Researching on interaction between wind farm and power system, it usually uses simple model to describe the wind farm. The wind turbines in a wind farm always suppose as a coherent generator group, every wind turbines have identical wind speed. As wind turbine locates in the different site in the wind farm, the wind speed at each wind turbines will not change simultaneously. Wake effect is another factor that should take into consideration. So, it needs to get wind speed equivalent model. The equivalent model of wind speed in the wind farm is based on output of power. Gust wind and ramp wind are discussed. Wind farm will change gust wind into step varying wind and make ramp wind into different type wind. The arrangement of wind turbines will also affect equivalent model of wind speed. The result show that the length of wind farm will smooth the power output. It explains why the power output fluctuation of wind farm is smaller than single wind turbine. The onshore wind farm located in Dongtai Jiangsu province is proposed as an example. The equivalent wind speed model and equivalent impedance connected to grid are calculated. The results illustrate the impact of wind speed model on wind farm output.
Date of Conference: 6-9 July 2011