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The Optimal Fan-Out of Clock Network for Power Minimization by Adaptive Gating

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2 Author(s)
Wimer, S. ; Sch. of Eng., Bar-Ilan Univ., Ramat-Gan, Israel ; Koren, I.

Gating of the clock signal in VLSI chips is nowadays a mainstream design methodology for reducing switching power consumption. In this paper we develop a probabilistic model of the clock gating network that allows us to quantify the expected power savings and the implied overhead. Expressions for the power savings in a gated clock tree are presented and the optimal gater fan-out is derived, based on flip-flops toggling probabilities and process technology parameters. The resulting clock gating methodology achieves 10% savings of the total clock tree switching power. The timing implications of the proposed gating scheme are discussed. The grouping of FFs for a joint clocked gating is also discussed. The analysis and the results match the experimental data obtained for a 3-D graphics processor and a 16-bit microcontroller, both designed at 65-nanometer technology.

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Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 10 )