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Sum Rate Maximized Resource Allocation in Multiple DF Relays Aided OFDM Transmission

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2 Author(s)
Tao Wang ; ICTEAM Inst., Univ. Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium ; Vandendorpe, L.

In relay-aided wireless transmission systems, one of the key issues is how to manage the energy resource at the source and each individual relay, to optimize a certain performance metric. This paper addresses the sum rate maximized resource allocation (RA) problem in an orthogonal frequency division modulation (OFDM) transmission system assisted by multiple decode-and-forward (DF) relays, subject to the individual sum power constraints of the source and the relays. In particular, the transmission at each subcarrier can be in either the direct mode without any relay assisting, or the relay-aided mode with one or several relays assisting. We propose two RA algorithms which optimize the assignment of transmission mode and source power for every subcarrier, as well as the assisting relays and the power allocation to them for every {relay-aided} subcarrier. First, it is shown that the considered RA problem has zero Lagrangian duality gap when there is a big number of subcarriers. In this case, a duality based algorithm that finds a globally optimum RA is developed. Most interestingly, the sensitivity analysis in convex optimization theory is used to derive a closed-form optimum solution to a related convex optimization problem, for which the method based on the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) conditions is not applicable. Second, a coordinate-ascent based iterative algorithm, which finds a suboptimum RA but is always applicable regardless of the duality gap of the RA problem, is developed. The effectiveness of these algorithms has been illustrated by numerical experiments.

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:29 ,  Issue: 8 )