Skip to Main Content
Aiming to achieve sensing coverage for a given Area of Interest (AoI) in a People-Centric Sensing (PCS) manner, we propose a concept of (α, T)-coverage of the target field where each point in the field is sensed by at least one node with probability of at least α during the time period T. Our goal is to achieve (α, T)-coverage by a minimal set of mobile sensor nodes for a given AoI, coverage ratio α, and time period T. We model pedestrians as mobile sensor nodes moving according to a discrete Markov chain. Based on this model, we propose two algorithms: the inter-location and inter-meeting-time algorithms, to meet a coverage ratio α in time period T. These algorithms estimate the expected coverage of the specified AoI for a set of selected nodes. The inter-location algorithm selects a minimal number of mobile sensor nodes from nodes inside the AoI taking into account the distance between them. The inter-meeting-time selects nodes taking into account the expected meeting time between the nodes. We conducted a simulation study to evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithms for various parameter setting including a realistic scenario on a specific city map. The simulation results show that our algorithms achieve (α, T)-coverage with good accuracy for various values of α, T, and AoI size.