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In sparse wireless sensor networks data collection is typically accomplished through specialized mobile nodes. One of the main challenges to be faced in this kind of networks is the energy-efficient and timely discovery of mobile nodes. In this paper we propose a simple yet effective discovery protocol based on two different Beacon messages emitted by the mobile node (i.e., Long-Range Beacons and Short-Range Beacons). Our simulation results show that, although very simple, the proposed scheme can provide a significant energy reduction with respect to the commonly used scheme based on a single Beacon, especially if the discovery phase is long.
Date of Conference: June 28 2011-July 1 2011