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In teleconferencing systems, undesired echoes due to coupling between the loudspeaker and the microphone can be reduced using acoustic echo cancellers (AECs). In order to introduce better performance in terms of sound localization, at least stereophonic AECs (SAECs) have to be employed. In this case, the correlation between the two channels prevents a correct identification of the echo paths and a signal decorrelation is needed. In this paper, a novel mixed approach to signal decorrelation is proposed based on the estimation of the fundamental frequency. The principle of the proposed structure is to use an approach based on the “missing-fundamental” phenomenon at low frequencies (below 500 Hz), a time-varying all-pass filter controlled by the fundamental frequency at medium and high frequencies, and a time-varying multi-notch filter for improving performance in the upper part of the spectrum. Experiments confirm the effectiveness of the proposed approach in terms of correct identification of the echo paths and stereo perception preservation.
Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:20 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: Feb. 2012