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The State of California's ambitious renewable energy policies and energy incentives are the main drivers of renewable generation development occurring in the Pacific Northwest. The largest wind integration efforts are happening within the Bonneville Power Administrations (BPA) Balancing Area (BA). BPA is approaching a 60 percent wind penetration factor, which is possibly the largest in the world. Such a large wind penetration imposes significant challenges on the transmission system operation for both the host and neighboring BAs. This paper discus some of those challenges.
Note: Document Suppressed in IEEE Xplore. This paper was published prematurely and has been removed pending successful completion of the peer review process. We regret any inconvenience.