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UAV Attitude Estimation Using Unscented Kalman Filter and TRIAD

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4 Author(s)
de Marina, H.G. ; Dept. of Comput. Archit. & Automatics, Complutense Univ. of Madrid, Madrid, Spain ; Pereda, F.J. ; Giron-Sierra, J.M. ; Espinosa, F.

A main problem in autonomous vehicles in general, and in unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in particular, is the determination of the attitude angles. A novel method to estimate these angles using off-the-shelf components is presented. This paper introduces an attitude heading reference system (AHRS) based on the unscented Kalman filter (UKF) using the three-axis attitude determination (TRIAD) algorithm as the observation model. The performance of the method is assessed through simulations and compared to an AHRS based on the extended Kalman filter (EKF). The paper presents field experiment results using a real fixed-wing UAV. The results show good real-time performance with low computational cost in a microcontroller.

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Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 11 )