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Development and Optimization of High-Voltage Power Supply System for Industrial Magnetron

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5 Author(s)
Sung-Roc Jang ; Dept. of Energy & Power Conversion Eng., Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Daejeon, South Korea ; Hong-Je Ryoo ; Suk-Ho Ahn ; Jongsoo Kim
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This paper describes the design and analysis of a 42-kW (14 kV, 3 A) high-voltage power supply for a 30-kW industrial magnetron drive. The design is based on a series resonant converter in discontinuous conduction mode (DCM) to take advantage of both the superior arc protection stemming from the current source characteristics and the high power density owing to the use of parasitic elements such as the leakage inductance in the high-voltage transformer. The detailed design procedure for the resonant tank and high-voltage transformer with respect to the input and output specifications is described on the basis of a simplified analysis of the DCM series resonant converter. Special considerations for designing high-power high-voltage power supplies are provided, such as series stacking of diodes for a voltage doubling rectifier and insulation between each winding of the high-voltage transformer. In addition, a comparative study using theoretical equations, simulation, and experimental results was carried out. This study yielded the output voltage and current characteristics at different switching frequencies and verified the advantages of this topology, such as arc protection without an additional protection circuit and high efficiency due to zero-current or zero-voltage switching. Moreover, the parallel operation of two converters with phase shifted gating signal is proposed to reduce the output current ripple and increase power capability for higher power magnetron drive. Additionally, the design considerations of two auxiliary power supplies (a filament power supply: 15 V, 150 A and a magnet power supply: 50 V, 5 A) are also provided and optimized for effective driving industrial magnetron. Finally, the developed power supply was tested with a 30-kW industrial magnetron, and the results prove the reliability and robustness of the proposed scheme.

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Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 3 )