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This paper presents a robot aimed to assist the shoulder movements of stroke patients during their rehabilitation process. This robot has the general form of an exoskeleton, but is characterized by an action principle on the patient no longer requiring a tedious and accurate alignment of the robot and patient's joints. It is constituted of a poly-articulated structure whose actuation is deported and transmission is ensured by Bowden cables. It manages two of the three rotational degrees of freedom (DOFs) of the shoulder. Quite light and compact, its proximal end can be rigidly fixed to the patient's back on a rucksack structure. As for its distal end, it is connected to the arm through passive joints and a splint guaranteeing the robot action principle, i.e. exert a force perpendicular to the patient's arm, whatever its configuration. This paper also presents a first prototype of this robot and some experimental results such as the arm angular excursions reached with the robot in the three joint planes.