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Generalized multichannel image-filtering structures

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2 Author(s)
D. G. Karakos ; Inst. for Syst. Res., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD ; P. E. Trahanias

Recent works in multispectral image processing advocate the employment of vector approaches for this class of signals. Vector processing operators that involve the minimization of a suitable error criterion have been proposed and shown appropriate for this task. In this framework, two main classes of vector processing filters have been reported in the literature. Astola et al. (1990) introduce the well-known class of vector median filters (VMF), which are derived as maximum likelihood (ML) estimates from exponential distributions. Trahanias et al. (see ibid., vol.2, no.4, p.528-34, 1993 and vol.5, no.6, p.868-80, 1996) study the processing of color image data using directional information, considering the class of vector directional filters (VDF). We introduce a new filter structure, the directional-distance filters (DDF), which combine both VDF and VMF in a novel way. We show that DDF are robust signal estimators under various noise distributions, they have the property of chromaticity preservation and, finally, compare favorably to other multichannel image processing filters

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 7 )