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A study of reconstruction accuracy for a cardiac SPECT system with multi-segmental collimation

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3 Author(s)
D. -C. Yu ; Rush-Presbyterian-St. Lukes Med. Center, Chicago, IL, USA ; W. Chang ; T. -S. Pan

To improve the geometric efficiency of cardiac SPECT imaging, the authors previously proposed to use a multi-segmental collimation with a cylindrical geometry. The proposed collimator consists of multiple parallel-hole collimators with most of the segments directed toward a small central region, where the patient's heart should be positioned. This technique provides a significantly increased detection efficiency for the central region, but at the expense of reduced efficiency for the surrounding region. The authors have used computer simulations to evaluate the implication of this technique on the accuracy of the reconstructed cardiac images. Two imaging situations were simulated: 1) the heart well placed inside the central region, and 2) the heart shifted and partially outside the central region. A neighboring high-uptake liver was simulated for both imaging situations. The images were reconstructed and corrected for attenuation with ML-EM and OS-FM methods using a complete attenuation map. The results indicate that errors caused by projection truncation are not significant and are not strongly dependent on the activity of the liver when the heart is well positioned within the central region. When the heart is partially outside the central region, hybrid emission data (a combination of high-count projections from the central region and low-count projections from the background region) can be used to restore the activity of the truncated section of the myocardium. However, the variance of the image in the section of the myocardium outside the central region is increased by 2-3 times when 10% of the collimator segments are used to image the background region

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 3 )