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Front end electronics for a variable field PET camera using the PMT-quadrant-sharing detector array design

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9 Author(s)
Wai-Hoi Wong ; M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Texas Univ., Houston, TX, USA ; Guoji Hu ; Nan Zhang ; Uribe, J.
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This is a front end electronic design for a PET camera with 8 arrays of position sensitive detectors. Each array has 16 BGO blocks (each block is composed of 49 crystals). The design goals are component and space reduction. Each PMT has its fast amplifier and triggered integrator. Nine flash ADCs serve an array of 27 PMTs and 784 crystals. The fast signals from one or more PMT clusters are summed. The fast summed signals are thresholded and sent to a programmable logic to determines the probable scintillation zone (4 blocks) and to turn on the associated 9 PMT integrators. After integration, the logic also drives a set of ultra-fast analog switches to connect the flash ADC set to the PMT integration channels in the scintillation zone. The 9 ADC outputs (integrated pulses with good photon statistics) are latched and compared. The comparator result determines which block in the zone is firing and the appropriate 4 ADCs are selected and bused into a position decoder. The decoder outputs the image-slice address and the crystal address. The circuit is pipelined and driven by a 250 MHz master dock

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 3 )