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Development of a PET detector system compatible with MRI/NMR systems

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10 Author(s)
Shao, Y. ; Sch. of Med., California Univ., Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Cherry, S.R. ; Farahani, K. ; Slates, R.
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We report the development of a prototype positron emission tomography (PET) scanner compatible with clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometers. This single slice PET system consists of 72 2×2×5 mm lutetium oxyorthosilicate (LSO) crystals coupled by 2 mm diameter, 4 meter long double clad optical fibers to three multi-channel photomultiplier tubes (MC-PMTs) shielded inside an aluminum closure. The ring diameter is 54 mm and the slice thickness is ~1 mm FWHM. Measurements with a point source demonstrate that this PET system has a reconstructed resolution of 2.1 mm, a coincidence time resolution of 26 ns and a typical energy resolution of 45%. Simultaneously acquired PET and MR phantom images, show no significant artifacts or distortions. We also obtained simultaneous NMR spectra and PET images from an isolated, perfused rat heart, demonstrating the power of obtaining temporally correlated PET and NMR information in biological systems. Again, no artifacts in the PET or NMR data were apparent, despite the high field strength of 9.4 T. The challenge for the future is to scale up the design to develop a high resolution, high sensitivity device that can be used in simultaneous PET and MR studies of in vivo systems

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 3 )