Skip to Main Content
This paper proposes a low-complexity frequency-domain turbo equalizer (FDTE) combined with phase rotation compensation and soft successive interference cancellation (SSIC) for single carrier multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) underwater acoustic (UWA) communications. Different from existing time-domain turbo equalizers in MIMO UWA systems, the proposed receiver implements low-complexity turbo equalization in the frequency domain to combat severe inter-symbol interference (ISI) and employs a layered structure to cope with unbalanced MIMO channels. Soft, rather than hard, successive interference cancellation (SIC) is employed in the layered iterative turbo detection to alleviate co-channel interference (CCI), and phase compensation is utilized within the layered FDTE to mitigate phase rotation. The proposed scheme was evaluated by the SPACE08 experiment conducted in a shallow area of the Atlantic Ocean in October 2008. The 2-transducer 12-hydrophone MIMO system communicated with quaternary phase shift keying (QPSK) and 8-phase shift keying (8PSK) modulation schemes over 200 m and 1000 m ranges, where the proposed FDTE-SSIC scheme achieved low bit error rates (BERs) with only a few iterations. Simulation results also demonstrated that the proposed FDTE-SSIC receiver provided lower BER than one-layer FDTE receivers with comparable complexity.