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This paper introduces a simple and very general theory of compressive sensing. In this theory, the sensing mechanism simply selects sensing vectors independently at random from a probability distribution F; it includes all standard models-e.g., Gaussian, frequency measurements-discussed in the literature, but also provides a framework for new measurement strategies as well. We prove that if the probability distribution F obeys a simple incoherence property and an isotropy property, one can faithfully recover approximately sparse signals from a minimal number of noisy measurements. The novelty is that our recovery results do not require the restricted isometry property (RIP) to hold near the sparsity level in question, nor a random model for the signal. As an example, the paper shows that a signal with s nonzero entries can be faithfully recovered from about s logn Fourier coefficients that are contaminated with noise.
Date of Publication: Nov. 2011