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Comparison of Ocean Surface Winds From ENVISAT ASAR, MetOp ASCAT Scatterometer, Buoy Measurements, and NOGAPS Model

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4 Author(s)
Xiaofeng Yang ; Inst. of Remote Sensing Applic., Beijing, China ; Xiaofeng Li ; Pichel, W.G. ; Ziwei Li

In this paper, we perform a comparison of wind speed measurements from the ENVISAT Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR), the MetOp-A Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT), the U.S. National Data Buoy Center's moored buoys, and the U.S. Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS) model. These comparisons were made in near U.S. coast regions over a 17-month period from March 2009 to July 2010. The ASAR wind speed retrieval agreed well with the scatterometer and model estimates, with mean differences ranging from -0.69 to 0.85 m/s and standard deviations between 1.16 and 1.77 m/s, depending upon the ASAR beam mode type. The results indicate that ASAR-derived ocean surface wind speeds are as accurate as the ASCAT and NOGAPS wind products. Comparisons between ASCAT winds and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) winds averaged at different spatial resolutions show very little change. This demonstrates that it is suitable that the scatterometer wind retrieval geophysical model function, i.e., CMOD5, is used for SAR wind retrieval. The impact of C-band VV polarization SAR calibration error on wind retrieval is also discussed.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 12 )