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Boresight Calibration of Airborne LiDAR System Without Ground Control Points

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6 Author(s)
Chen Siying ; Sch. of Optoelectron., Beijing Inst. of Technol., Beijing, China ; Ma Hongchao ; Zhang Yinchao ; Zhong Liang
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This letter proposes a new method for boresight misalignment calibration of the charge-coupled device (CCD) camera which is one component of an airborne light detection and ranging (LiDAR) system without ground control points (GCPs). In the calibration, tie points in overlapping areas are first selected, and then, a multibaseline forward intersection is used for calculating object coordinates of these points. In the intersection, exterior elements of the CCD camera are obtained directly from positioning and orientation system (POS) data of the LiDAR system, which are error contaminated mainly due to the unparallel relation between the frameworks of the inertial measurement unit of the POS and the CCD camera. Elevation values of the ground points are then refined by those obtained from LiDAR point clouds by interpolation, which can be considered to be more accurate than those obtained by multibaseline forward intersection. Through projecting the ground points with refined elevation values into the image space by collinear equations and minimizing distances between the image points selected manually and those projected from ground points, the boresight misalignment is removed effectively. Therefore, the proposed method without GCPs in the whole process is more flexible than other traditional photogrammetric ways.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan. 2012

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