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A Statistical Method for 2-D Facial Landmarking

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3 Author(s)
Dibeklioglu, H. ; Intell. Syst. Lab. Amsterdam, Univ. of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands ; Salah, A.A. ; Gevers, T.

Many facial-analysis approaches rely on robust and accurate automatic facial landmarking to correctly function. In this paper, we describe a statistical method for automatic facial-landmark localization. Our landmarking relies on a parsimonious mixture model of Gabor wavelet features, computed in coarse-to-fine fashion and complemented with a shape prior. We assess the accuracy and the robustness of the proposed approach in extensive cross-database conditions conducted on four face data sets (Face Recognition Grand Challenge, Cohn-Kanade, Bosphorus, and BioID). Our method has 99.33% accuracy on the Bosphorus database and 97.62% accuracy on the BioID database on the average, which improves the state of the art. We show that the method is not significantly affected by low-resolution images, small rotations, facial expressions, and natural occlusions such as beard and mustache. We further test the goodness of the landmarks in a facial expression recognition application and report landmarking-induced improvement over baseline on two separate databases for video-based expression recognition (Cohn-Kanade and BU-4DFE).

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 2 )
Biometrics Compendium, IEEE