Skip to Main Content
This paper describes circuit design and measurement results of a bipolar field-effect transistor monolithic microwave integrated circuit power amplifier (PA) module operating with a 2.5-V low reference voltage (Vref) and a 2.8-V low collector supply voltage (Vcc). While covering 824-925-MHz broadband CDMA operation at 2.8 V of Vcc, the PA allows a 1.1-V low Vcc and 18-dBm output power (Pout) operation. This is realized using an on-chip step quiescent current control scheme depending on Vcc. In addition, an input high electron-mobility transistor single-pole double-throw switch is integrated on the PA die for selecting 800/900-MHz operating bands, thereby providing easy connectivity between a transmit surface acoustic wave filter and the PA. Measurement results under the 2.8/1.1-V Vcc and 2.5-V Vref bias conditions show that the PA meets J-CDMA/W-CDMA power and distortion specifications sufficiently over a wide temperature range from -20 °C to 85 °C while realizing a broadband operation ranging from 824 to 925 MHz. For J-CDMA (IS-95B) modulation, the PA can deliver a 28-dBm Pout, a 36% power-added efficiency (PAE), and a - 50-dBc adjacent channel power ratio, while a 29-dBm Pout, a 38% PAE, and a -40-dBc adjacent channel leakage power ratio (ACLR) are achieved for W-CDMA (3GPP R99) modulation. Under 3:1 load mismatching condition, the PA also suppresses ACLR of less than - 36 dBc while keeping a forward power of 27.5 dBm. Moreover the PA is capable of delivering a 18-dBm Pout and more than 26% PAE under 824-925-MHz and 1.1-V J-CDMA modulation test conditions. To the best of authors' knowledge, this is the first report on a broadband production-level CDMA PA operating with low Vref and low Vcc.