Skip to Main Content
A time-to-digital converter (TDC) using a low rate clock is presented. A simple TDC, capable of decreasing power consumption and solving the metastability problem by using low-rate clocks to detect the fine fractional time difference between the reference clock and digitally controlled oscillator (DCO) clock, is presented. The proposed TDC also includes a simple DCO clock period (Tv) calculation algorithm. An all-digital phase-locked loop (ADPLL), fabricated in 90 nm CMOS process, dissipates 0.8 mA at 1.2 V, and achieves 6.25 ps period RMS jitter from 2 GHz.