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Superfluid/ferromagnet/superfluid-junction and π-phase in a superfluid Fermi gas at finite temperatures

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3 Author(s)
Takashi Kashimura ; Department of Physics, Keio University, Yokohama, Japan ; S. Tsuchiya ; Y. Ohashi

We investigate the stability of π-phase in a polarized superfluid Fermi gas (N >; N, where Nσ is the number of atoms in the hyperfine state described by pseudospin-σ). In our previous paper [T. Kashimura, S. Tsuchiya, and Y. Ohashi, Phys. Rev. A 82, 033617 (2010)], we showed that excess atoms (ΔN = N - N) localized around a potential barrier embedded in the system induces the π-phase at T = 0, where the phase of superfluid order parameter differ by π across the junction. In this paper, we extend our previous work to include temperature effects within the mean-field theory. We show that the π-phase is stable even at finite temperatures, although transition from the π-phase to 0-phase eventually occurs at a certain temperature. Our results indicate that the π-phase is experimentally accessible in cold Fermi gases.

Published in:

Access Spaces (ISAS), 2011 1st International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

17-19 June 2011