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A Surface-Based Imaging Method for Water Vapor and Liquid Clouds Using a Scanning Radiometer at 91 GHz

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4 Author(s)
Stahli, O. ; Inst. of Appl. Phys., Univ. of Bern, Bern, Switzerland ; Matzler, C. ; Murk, A. ; Kampfer, N.

The Scanning Polarimetric Imaging RAdiometer at 91 GHz with an angular resolution of 0.5° was used to investigate the dynamics of the atmosphere. We introduced a new imaging method by continuously scanning the sky over a range of elevation angles in a fixed azimuth direction. The measurements were realized during three different situations: clear sky, sky with water clouds, and sky with cirrus clouds. In most situations, the scan direction was nearly parallel to the mean atmospheric flow. Particularly interesting structures were found in the images with water clouds. In contrast, cirrus clouds are highly transparent. Simulations of the applied imaging method helped to interpret the cloud images, particularly concerning the cloud movement. Characteristic shapes were identified as signatures of motions along the scan line, which were used to estimate the horizontal velocity of water clouds. It was also possible to estimate the integrated water vapor from the clear sky images. They allow a visualization of water vapor parcels. Some of these images contain similar signatures as the clouds, indicating advection of water vapor along the scan line. In the future, we plan to extend these measurements and to combine them with multifrequency observations.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 9 )

Date of Publication:

Sept. 2011

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