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SAR target classification using sparse representations and spatial pyramids

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4 Author(s)
Knee, P. ; SenSIP Center, Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ, USA ; Thiagarajan, J.J. ; Ramamurthy, K.N. ; Spanias, A.

We consider the problem of automatically classifying targets in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery using image partitioning and sparse representation based feature vector generation. Specifically, we extend the spatial pyramid approach, in which the image is partitioned into increasingly fine sub-regions, by using a sparse representation to describe the local features in each sub-region. These feature descriptors are generated by identifying those dictionary elements, created via k-means clustering, that best approximate the local features for each sub-region. By systematically combining the results at each pyramid level, classification ability is facilitated by approximate geometric matching. Results using a linear SVM for classification along with SIFT, FFT-magnitude and DCT-based local feature descriptors indicate that the use of a single element from the dictionary to describe the local features is sufficient for accurate target classification. Continuing work both in feature extraction and classification will be discussed, with emphasis placed on the need for classification amid heavy target occlusion.

Published in:

Radar Conference (RADAR), 2011 IEEE

Date of Conference:

23-27 May 2011