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This paper proposes an improved direct power control (DPC) strategy for a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind power generation system under unbalanced grid voltage dips. The fundamental and double grid frequency power pulsations, which are produced by the transient unbalanced grid faults, are mathematically analyzed and accurately regulated. Five selectable control targets, with proper power references given, are designed for different applications during network unbalance. In order to provide enhanced control performance, two resonant controllers, which are tuned to have large gain at the power pulsation frequencies, are applied together with the proportional-integral controller to achieve full control of the DFIG output power. The effectiveness of the proposed DPC strategy is verified by the experimental results of a 5-kW DFIG system under different unbalanced voltage dips, which are generated by a specially designed voltage dip generator.