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Active Synchronizing Control of a Microgrid

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6 Author(s)
Changhee Cho ; Korea Electrotechnol. Res. Inst., Changwon, South Korea ; Jin-Hong Jeon ; Jong-Yul Kim ; Soonman Kwon
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A microgrid is an aggregation of multiple distributed generators (DGs), such as renewable energy sources, conventional generators, and energy storage systems that provide both electric power and thermal energy. Typically, a microgrid operates in parallel with the main grid. However, there are cases in which a microgrid operates in an islanded mode, or in a disconnected state. Islanded microgrid can change its operational mode to grid-connected operation by reconnection to the grid, which is referred to as synchronization. Generally, a single machine simply synchronizes with the grid using a synchronizer. However, the synchronization of microgrids that operate with multiple DGs and loads cannot be controlled by a traditional synchronizer. It is needed to control multiple generators and energy storage systems in a coordinated way for the microgrid synchronization. This is not a simple problem, considering that a microgrid consists of various power electronics-based DGs as well as alternator-based generators that produce power together. This paper proposes an active synchronizing control scheme that adopts the network-based coordinated control of multiple DGs. From the simulation results using Simulink dynamic models, it is shown that the scheme provides the microgrid with a deterministic and reliable reconnection to the grid. The proposed method is verified by using the test cases with the experimental setup of a practical microgrid pilot plant.

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Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 12 )