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Simulation of Exit Choosing in Pedestrian Evacuation Using a Cellular Automaton Model Based on Surrounding Pedestrian Density

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3 Author(s)
Yan Xu ; Sch. of Econ. & Manage., Beijing Univ. of Aeronaut. & Astronaut., Beijing, China ; Hai-Jun Huang ; Li-jun Tian

A cellular automata model is proposed to simulate the pedestrian evacuation behavior in a room with multiple exits by considering the surrounding pedestrian density related to current cell based on the direction. The numerical results show that the pedestrian density and the radius of visual area are two important factors in an evacuation which can affect the evacuation times apparently. It is found that blindly constant choosing the direction with smaller pedestrian density may lead to an increase of evacuation time.

Published in:

Computational Sciences and Optimization (CSO), 2011 Fourth International Joint Conference on

Date of Conference:

15-19 April 2011