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Layered Tabu Search Algorithm for Large-MIMO Detection and a Lower Bound on ML Performance

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4 Author(s)
N. Srinidhi ; Department of ECE, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India ; Tanumay Datta ; A. Chockalingam ; B. Sundar Rajan

In this letter, we are concerned with low-complexity detection in large multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems with tens of transmit/receive antennas. Our new contributions in this letter are two-fold. First, we propose a low-complexity algorithm for large-MIMO detection based on a layered low-complexity local neighborhood search. Second, we obtain a lower bound on the maximum-likelihood (ML) bit error performance using the local neighborhood search. The advantages of the proposed ML lower bound are i) it is easily obtained for MIMO systems with large number of antennas because of the inherent low complexity of the search algorithm, ii) it is tight at moderate-to-high SNRs, and iii) it can be tightened at low SNRs by increasing the number of symbols in the neighborhood definition. The proposed detection algorithm based on the layered local neighborhood search achieves bit error performances which are quite close to this lower bound for large number of antennas and higher-order QAM.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Communications  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 11 )