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An optimal vertical antenna tilt in a wireless access network plays a key role for coverage and capacity in the system. The autonomous (re-)optimization of tilts bears a large saving potential for operators as manual intervention is particularly costly. In this paper, we present a heuristic variant of the gradient ascent method to continuously optimize antenna tilts with quick convergence. We show that the average spectral efficiency in the system increases by 10% and that the spectral efficiency at the cell edge (5% quantile) increases by 100% after optimization. Changing conditions during the operational phase of the network, as for instance cell outage, can successfully be detected and compensated by an autonomous re-optimization.
Date of Conference: 15-18 May 2011