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Opening black box Data Mining models using Sensitivity Analysis

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2 Author(s)
Cortez, P. ; Dept. of Inf. Syst., Univ. of Minho, Guimaräes, Portugal ; Embrechts, M.J.

There are several supervised learning Data Mining (DM) methods, such as Neural Networks (NN), Support Vector Machines (SVM) and ensembles, that often attain high quality predictions, although the obtained models are difficult to interpret by humans. In this paper, we open these black box DM models by using a novel visualization approach that is based on a Sensitivity Analysis (SA) method. In particular, we propose a Global SA (GSA), which extends the applicability of previous SA methods (e.g. to classification tasks), and several visualization techniques (e.g. variable effect characteristic curve), for assessing input relevance and effects on the model's responses. We show the GSA capabilities by conducting several experiments, using a NN ensemble and SVM model, in both synthetic and real-world datasets.

Published in:

Computational Intelligence and Data Mining (CIDM), 2011 IEEE Symposium on

Date of Conference:

11-15 April 2011