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Dependence of Ti-diffused Er:LiNbO3 laser efficiency on waveguide fabrication parameters and pump wavelength

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5 Author(s)
Delong Zhang ; Dept. of Opt.-Electron. Inf. Eng., Tianjin Univ., China ; Caihe Chen ; Guilan Ding ; Junli Zhang
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The mode size, effective pump area, and coupling efficiency as function of initial Ti-stripe width W, diffusion temperature T, and initial Ti-stripe thickness H in c-cut Ti-diffused Er:LiNbO3 waveguide laser have been studied theoretically, taking into account optical pumping λp=1.477 μm and 0.98 μm. The main features of the mode sizes in terms of these diffusion parameters were collected and, as compared with the experimental results, a qualitative agreement has been achieved. The effective pump areas exhibit both significant initial Ti-stripe width and diffusion temperature dependence, especially for W>9 μm and T>1050°C, whereas the initial Ti-stripe thickness can hardly give influence when pumping with λp=0.98 μm radiation. On the other hand, coupling efficiency is approximately unchanged with values 0.76-0.78 for λp=1.477 μm and 0.8-0.85 for λ p=0.98 μm, indicating that there are no optimized values of these parameters to increase slope efficiency through coupling efficiency. Moreover, the 0.98 μm pumping reveal lower threshold and higher coupling efficiency than 1.477-μm pumping. Finally, the appropriate waveguide fabrication parameters were proposed for the fabrication of a more efficient laser

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Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 7 )