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This paper proposes and evaluates an approach for power and performance management in virtualized server clusters. The major goal of our approach is to reduce power consumption in the cluster while meeting performance requirements. The contributions of this paper are: (1) a simple but effective way of modeling power consumption and capacity of servers even under heterogeneous and changing workloads, and (2) an optimization strategy based on a mixed integer programming model for achieving improvements on power-efficiency while providing performance guarantees in the virtualized cluster. In the optimization model, we address application workload balancing and the often ignored switching costs due to frequent and undesirable turning servers on/off and VM relocations. We show the effectiveness of the approach applied to a server cluster test bed. Our experiments show that our approach conserves about 50% of the energy required by a system designed for peak workload scenario, with little impact on the applications' performance goals. Also, by using prediction in our optimization strategy, further QoS improvement was achieved.
Date of Conference: 23-26 May 2011