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Dynamic load balancing strategies for conservative parallel simulations

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2 Author(s)
Boukerche, A. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., North Texas Univ., Denton, TX, USA ; Das, S.K.

This paper studies the problem of load balancing for conservative parallel simulations for execution on a multicomputer. The synchronization protocol makes use of Chandy-Misra (1979) null-messages. We propose a dynamic load balancing algorithm which assumes no compile time knowledge about the workload parameters. It is based upon a process migration mechanism, and the notion of CPU-queue length, which indicates the workload at each processor. We examine two variations for the algorithm which we refer to as centralized and multi-level hierarchical methods, in the context of queueing network simulation of a torus. The torus was chosen because its many cycles aid in the formation of deadlock, making it a stress test for any conservative synchronization protocols. Our experiments indicate that our dynamic load balancing schemes significantly reduce the run time of an optimized version of Chandy-Misra null message approach, and decreases by 30-40% the synchronization overhead when compared to the use of a static partitioning algorithm. Significantly, the results obtained also indicate that the multi-level scheme always outperforms both the centralized load balancing approach and the static partitioning algorithm

Published in:

Parallel and Distributed Simulation, 1997., Proceedings., 11th Workshop on

Date of Conference:

10-13 Jun 1997