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Haptically assisted golf putting through a planar four-cable system

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4 Author(s)
Huang, P.Y. ; Dept. of Mech. Eng. & Appl. Mech., Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA ; Kunkel, J.A. ; Brindza, J. ; Kuchenbecker, K.J.

Individuals learning a new sport often repeat a motion hundreds or thousands of times to try to perfect their form. The quintessential example of this process may be a beginning golfer struggling to learn to putt, where strokes must be precise and consistent in order to place the ball in the hole. This paper presents a four-cable haptic device designed to help golfers learn to improve their putting accuracy. This planar three-DOF system provides feedback that consists of two Cartesian forces and one angular moment. We present the system's design and kinematics, along with a closed-loop controller that helps the user keep the putter head at the correct angle in the plane. We evaluated our design through a study in which five subjects used the system to repeatedly putt at a target both with and without assistance. While assistance did not change the mean of the putting distribution, it did significantly affect the variance for some subjects.

Published in:

World Haptics Conference (WHC), 2011 IEEE

Date of Conference:

21-24 June 2011

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