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Structural health monitoring aims to provide an accurate diagnosis of the condition of civil infrastructures during their life-span by analyzing data collected by sensors. To this purpose, detection and localization of damages are fundamental tasks. This paper introduces a wireless sensor network for structural damage detection and localization in which the sensor nodes, in order to estimate the energies of specific frequency bands, process the acceleration data locally in real-time using the Goertzel algorithm. The nodes then share their results inside the network and exploit them to compute transmissibility functions, which can be exploited as damage indicators and for correctly localizing damages within the monitored structure. The use of the embedded Goertzel algorithm prevents the nodes from transmitting large volumes of acceleration data to the sink node for off-line analysis, reducing the latency and increasing the life time of the cyber-physical system by 80 % and 52 %, respectively. The tests performed on a truss structure confirm the capability of the distributed approach in correctly detecting and localizing structural damages.
Date of Conference: 12-14 April 2011