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Robust Beamforming With Magnitude Response Constraints Using Iterative Second-Order Cone Programming

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3 Author(s)
Liao, B. ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China ; Tsui, K.M. ; Chan, S.C.

The problem of robust beamforming for antenna arrays with arbitrary geometry and magnitude response constraints is one of considerable importance. Due to the presence of the non-convex magnitude response constraints, conventional convex optimization techniques cannot be applied directly. A new approach based on iteratively linearizing the non-convex constraints is then proposed to reformulate the non-convex problem to a series of convex subproblems, each of which can be optimally solved using second-order cone programming (SOCP). Moreover, in order to obtain a more robust beamformer against array imperfections, the proposed method is further extended by optimizing its worst-case performance using again SOCP. Different from some conventional methods which are restricted to linear arrays, the proposed method is applicable to arbitrary array geometries since the weight vector, rather than its autocorrelation sequence, is used as the variable. Simulation results show that the performance of the proposed method is comparable to the optimal solution previously proposed for uniform linear arrays, and it also gives satisfactory results under different array specifications and geometries tested.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 9 )