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The thermal and spatial variation of Cu TSV-induced stress has been investigated for 1×4 arrays of 5 μm diameter × 50 μm TSVs using microRaman imaging. Following post-CMP annealing the measured Si Raman shift outside the TSV array is slightly modified. In strong contrast, the Si Raman shift midway between TSVs transitions from a tensile to compressive state as the annealing temperature increases. Topographic analysis implies this shift is associated with thermally-induced Cu extrusion.
Date of Conference: 8-12 May 2011