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SBAS-Based Satellite Orbit Correction for the Generation of DInSAR Time-Series: Application to RADARSAT-1 Data

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6 Author(s)

We present an algorithm aimed at correcting satellite orbit information for the generation of differential SAR interferometry (DInSAR) deformation time-series. Our approach exploits small baseline differential interferograms, to preserve their spatial coherence, and is directly compatible with the Small BAseline Subset (SBAS) DInSAR technique. In particular, the algorithm investigates the differential phase gradient directly computed from the wrapped interferograms, and is focused on the estimation of the perpendicular baseline and of the parallel baseline azimuth rate components, separately performed along the range and azimuth directions, respectively. Starting from the estimations carried out on the interferograms, we then retrieve the orbit correction associated with each SAR acquisition of our time-series by solving a system of linear equations via the SVD method, extending the SBAS inversion concept also to the orbit estimation problem. Key application of this technique is the generation of deformation time-series from interferometric sequences of RADARSAT-1 SAR acquisitions which are available for several areas in the world, but are characterized by significantly low accuracy of the or bit information. The presented results, obtained by processing a data set consisting of 33 RADARSAT-1 images of Big Island at Hawaii, show that we may retrieve DInSAR time-series with sub centimeter accuracy, thus confirming the effectiveness of the pro posed technique.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 12 )