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Spherical representation and polyhedron routing for load balancing in wireless sensor networks

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6 Author(s)
Xiaokang Yu ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Shandong Univ., Jinan, China ; Xiaomeng Ban ; Wei Zeng ; Sarkar, R.
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In this paper we address the problem of scalable and load balanced routing for wireless sensor networks. Motivated by the analog of the continuous setting that geodesic routing on a sphere gives perfect load balancing, we embed sensor nodes on a convex polyhedron in 3D and use greedy routing to deliver messages between any pair of nodes with guaranteed success. This embedding is known to exist by the Koebe-Andreev-Thurston Theorem for any 3-connected planar graphs. In our paper we use discrete Ricci flow to develop a distributed algorithm to compute this embedding. Further, such an embedding is not unique and differs from one another by a Möbius transformation. We employ an optimization routine to look for the Möbius transformation such that the nodes are spread on the polyhedron as uniformly as possible. We evaluated the load balancing property of this greedy routing scheme and showed favorable comparison with previous schemes.

Published in:

INFOCOM, 2011 Proceedings IEEE

Date of Conference:

10-15 April 2011