Skip to Main Content
As the physical link speeds grow and the size of routing table continues to increase, IP address lookup has been a challenging problem at routers. There have been growing demands in achieving high-performance IP lookup cost-effectively. Existing approaches typically resort to specialized hardwares, such as TCAM. While these approaches can take advantage of hardware parallelism to achieve high-performance IP lookup, they also have the disadvantage of high cost. This paper investigates a new way to build a cost-effective IP lookup scheme using graphics processor units (GPU). Our contribution here is to design a practical architecture for high-performance IP lookup engine with GPU, and to develop efficient algorithms for routing prefix update operations such as deletion, insertion, and modification. Leveraging GPU's many-core parallelism, the proposed schemes addressed the challenges in designing IP lookup at GPU-based software routers. Our experimental results on real-world route traces show promising gains in IP lookup and update operations.