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Moving Target Detection Using Distributed MIMO Radar in Clutter With Nonhomogeneous Power

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3 Author(s)
Pu Wang ; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ, USA ; Hongbin Li ; Braham Himed

In this paper, we consider moving target detection using a distributed multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar on stationary platforms in nonhomogeneous clutter environments. Our study is motivated by the fact that the multistatic transmit-receive configuration in a distributed MIMO radar causes nonstationary clutter. Specifically, the clutter power for the same test cell may vary significantly from one transmit-receive pair to another, due to azimuth-selective backscattering of the clutter. To account for these issues, a new nonhomogeneous clutter model, where the clutter resides in a low-rank subspace with different subspace coefficients (and hence different clutter power) for different transmit-receive pair, is introduced and the relation to a general clutter model is discussed. Following the proposed clutter model, we develop a generalized-likelihood ratio test (GLRT) for moving target detection in distributed MIMO radar. The GLRT is shown to be a constant false alarm rate (CFAR) detector, and the test statistic is a central and noncentral Beta variable under the null and alternative hypotheses, respectively. Simulations are provided to demonstrate the performance of the proposed GLRT in comparison with several existing techniques.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 10 )