Skip to Main Content
A space adaptive flexible block quantizer (SA-FBQ), suited for spaceborne synthetic aperture radar missions, is presented. This quantizer is actually an extension of the flexible dynamic block adaptive quantizer (FDBAQ), proposed in , which, in turn, is an extension of the block adaptive quantizer (BAQ). The BAQ is the optimal quantizer for a homogeneous target. The FDBAQ gets better performances on heterogeneous targets by adaptively selecting the best BAQ according to the local signal-to-thermal-noise ratio: The worst the SNTR, the lower the quantizer rate. The quantizer selection is precomputed in a lookup table (LUT), by assuming a fixed and known probability distribution function (pdf) of the reflectivity σ0. The SA-FBQ extends further this concept allowing the reflectivity pdf to vary, coping with this by exploiting many LUTs (i.e., quantizer set), each adapted to the local statistics. In this paper, we introduce an algorithm to adaptively find the best set of quantizers constrained on the mean bit rate; we discuss the implementation of the SA-FBQ, and we estimate its performances in comparison with the FDBAQ and the BAQ under different scenarios. Preliminary results are shown by exploiting the worldwide mosaic of C-band reflectivity derived from European Space Agency ENVISAT data and Sentinel-1 system parameters.