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For synthetic aperture radar imaging, stepped-frequency chirp signals are widely used to obtain high range resolution. One advantage of the approach is the reduction of the instantaneous bandwidth and sampling rate requirements of the radar system. To reconstruct the spectrum of a wideband signal, the amplitude and phase discontinuity between contiguous pulses should be removed. Otherwise, the discontinuity will defocus the range profile and degrade the range resolution. In this letter, a detailed internal calibration technique combined with stepped-frequency mode is proposed to eliminate the discontinuity and thus improve the focusing quality of the final image. The simulation and real raw data experiments are performed to validate the proposed method.
Date of Publication: Nov. 2011