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Relationships between cortical neural recordings as a representation of functional connectivity between cortical brain regions were quantified using different time-frequency criteria. Among these, Partial Directed Coherence (PDC) and Directed Transfer Function (DTF) and their extensions have found wide acceptance. This paper aims to assess and compare the performance of these two connectivity measures that are based on time-varying multivariate AR modeling. The time-varying parameters of the AR model are estimated using an Adaptive AR modeling (AAR) approach and a short-time based stationary approach. The performance of these two approaches is compared using both simulated signal and a multichannel newborn EEG recording. The results show that the time-varying PDC outperforms the time-varying DTF measure. The results also point to the limitation of the AAR algorithm in tracking rapid parameter changes and the drawback of the short-time approach in providing high resolution time-frequency coherence functions. However, it can be demonstrated that time-varying MVAR representations of the cortical connectivity will potentially lead to better understanding of non-symmetric relations between EEG channels.
Note: As originally published this article is missing two pages. The full article can be found in both qspace and espace at the following link: http://qspace.qu.edu.qa/handle/10576/10737