By Topic

Utilizing elevator for wireless sensor data collection in high-rise structure monitoring

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Feng Wang ; Sch. of Comput. Sci., Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, BC, Canada ; Jiangchuan Liu ; Jiangchuan Liu

Recently wireless sensor networks have been widely suggested for Structural Health Monitoring. In such applications, diverse sensor nodes are deployed in a building structure, collecting ambient data such as temperature and strain from various locations and reporting them to a central base station for processing and diagnosing. For today's high-rise structures (e.g., the Guangzhou New TV Tower, a project that we have participated in, peaks at 600m above ground), the extensive vertical dimension creates enormous challenges toward sensor data collection, beyond those addressed in state-of-the-art mote-like systems. For example, with a straightforward base station placement, a huge amount of data will accumulate as being relayed to the base station. As such, the sensor nodes close to the base station would quickly run out of energy for relaying the traffic. The accumulated traffic would also saturate the wireless medium, introducing significant interferences and collisions. The extensive height of these building structures, however, make elevators an indispensable component. This motivates us to develop EleSense, a novel high-rise structure monitoring framework that explores using elevators. In EleSense, an elevator is attached with the base station and collects data when it moves across different floors to serve passengers, which can effectively reduce the traffic accumulation and the collection delay. To maximally exploit the benefit, we take a unique angle with the cross-layer design. We present an abstraction of the high-rise structure monitoring problem that exploits elevators, and model it as a joint optimization across link scheduling, packet routing and end-to-end delivery. We propose a centralized algorithm to solve it optimally. We further propose a distributed implementation to accommodate the hardware capability of a sensor node and address other practical issues. We evaluate EleSense through ns-2 simulations and with real configurations from the Guangzhou- - New TV Tower. The results show that EleSense has a throughput gain of 30.4% to 200.6% over the case without elevators. We also observe a gain of 40.5% to 127.5% over a straightforward 802.11 MAC scheme without the cross-layer optimization. Moreover, EleSense can significantly reduce the communication costs while maintaining excellent fairness with reliable data delivering.

Published in:

Quality of Service (IWQoS), 2011 IEEE 19th International Workshop on

Date of Conference:

6-7 June 2011