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Anti-icing performance of RTV coatings on porcelain insulators by controlling the leakage current

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8 Author(s)
Zhihai Xu ; Lab. of Adv. Technol. of Electr. Eng. & Energy, Tsinghua Univ., Shenzhen, China ; Zhidong Jia ; Zhining Li ; Xiaoxing Wei
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Considerable work has been done on preventing ice formation on insulators and the modification of the surface characteristics by increasing the contact angle and decreasing the adherent force have been tried with some degree of success. Heating by electric current has however proved to be an effective and practical method for de-icing transmission lines, but difficult to apply to insulators. A room temperature vulcanized (RTV) silicone rubber coating containing sufficient carbon black to render it partially conducting but not enough carbon to lose its surface hydrophobicity, has been investigated to determine if the heat generated would suffice to inhibit ice growth on the insulators. The heat exchange progress was analyzed and the leakage current through it to prevent ice forming was estimated and coatings developed accordingly. The anti-icing performances of these RTV silicone rubber coatings with different leakage current magnitudes were compared in a climate chamber. The results showed that the surface heating effect, together with the hydrophobicity, could significantly reduce the formation of ice on insulators.

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Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 3 )