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Performance analysis of free-space optical links with transmit laser selection diversity over strong turbulence channels

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1 Author(s)
Samimi, H. ; Commun. Technol. Dept., Res. Inst. for ICT, Tehran, Iran

Transmit laser selection (TLS) diversity scheme has been proposed recently for free-space optical communication systems and its bit error rate (BER) performance has been investigated over K-distributed turbulence channels based on lengthy simulations. Moreover, for a limiting case of strong turbulence conditions that have been modelled by negative exponential distribution, a closed-form expression for the average BER has been presented in the open technical literature. In this study, first a novel approximate analytical expression is derived for the probability density function (PDF) of the resulting channel irradiance corresponding to a TLS diversity scheme over the K channel. The approximated PDF accurately estimates the statistics of the channel irradiance over a wide range of channel conditions. Then, based on the derived PDF, an analytical closed-form expression is presented for the average BER, which can be used to estimates the BER of the system very accurately over K-distributed turbulence channels without resorting to lengthy simulations. Additionally, based on the derived analytical results, the effect of using laser pulse shape with increased peak-to-average optical power ratio on the system performance is investigated. Numerical results are further demonstrated to confirm the analytical results.

Published in:

Communications, IET  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 8 )