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Real-Time Multimodal Retinal Image Registration for a Computer-Assisted Laser Photocoagulation System

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4 Author(s)
Broehan, A.M. ; Visage Imaging GmbH, Berlin, Germany ; Rudolph, T. ; Amstutz, C.A. ; Kowal, J.H.

An algorithm for the real-time registration of a retinal video sequence captured with a scanning digital ophthal moscope (SDO) to a retinal composite image is presented. This method is designed for a computer-assisted retinal laser photocoagulation system to compensate for retinal motion and hence enhance the accuracy, speed, and patient safety of retinal laser treatments. The procedure combines intensity and feature-based registration techniques. For the registration of an individual frame, the translational frame-to-frame motion between preceding and current frame is detected by normalized cross correlation. Next, vessel points on the current video frame are identified and an initial transformation estimate is constructed from the calculated translation vector and the quadratic registration matrix of the previous frame. The vessel points are then iteratively matched to the segmented vessel centerline of the composite image to refine the initial transformation and register the video frame to the composite image. Criteria for image quality and algorithm convergence are introduced, which assess the exclusion of single frames from the registration process and enable a loss of tracking signal if necessary. The algorithm was successfully applied to ten different video sequences recorded from patients. It revealed an average accuracy of 2.47 ±2.0 pixels ( ~ 23.2 ±18.8 μm) for 2764 evaluated video frames and demonstrated that it meets the clinical requirements.

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 10 )